Phoneme-Grapheme Frequency Chart - Vowels

By ONlit Last updated 2024/05/27
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Curious about how sounds are represented in print? Not sure about what the most common spelling is for a phoneme? This handout provides the most frequent spellings for the vowel phonemes in English.

Curriculum Connection

B2. Language Foundations for Reading and Writing
This resource supports educator understanding of the structure of the English code, a key prerequisite for effective teaching of word-level reading and spelling.
Grade(s): K 1 2 3 4
Topic(s): Applying Orthography


  1. Thank you so much for this very helpful chart! It has helped me to update my school division’s personal sound wall resource, and I would like to credit the author(s). Is this okay? Would you like me to use (ONlit, year) or the authors’ names? Many thanks!

  2. I love this! Especially helpful for older students or MLLs. Not only does it tell which are most common, but the examples provide at least one word family for rhymes.

  3. Great information to have to about the frequency of specific phonemes in English. This might be fun information to share with students that are curious when covering a specific phonics pattern.

  4. This really helps us decide what we should focus more of our time on! I also like to tell older children the percentages. They find it interesting. I love a great easy to read visual that helps me instantly make change. Thanks!

  5. I am thrilled that you have made this chart! I have often wondered about frequencies and this will most certainly support my professional practice!

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