Decoding or Fluency Instruction in Middle School?

By Dr. Timothy Shanahan Last updated 2024/05/24
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Dr. Timothy Shanahan explores possible reading profiles of students in grades 6 – 8 who struggle with reading, clarifying the value of focusing on decoding, fluency, or both.

Curriculum Connection

B2. Language Foundations for Reading and Writing
This resource supports the teaching and learning of fluency in the junior and intermediate grades.
Grade(s): 6 7 8 9
Topic(s): Applying PhonicsFluencyIntervention

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