A New Model for Teaching High-Frequency Words

Rating: 5 Out of 5

Grades / Année(s) scolaire(s) :

Topics / Sujet


Often, high-frequency words are called “sight words” with the expectation that these words are irregular and must be memorized. Integrating high-frequency words into phonics lessons allows students to make sense of spelling patterns for these words. To do this, high-frequency words need to be categorized according to whether they are spelled entirely regularly or not. This article describes how to “rethink” teaching of high-frequency words, and provides a word list to support educators in designing effective instruction.

Curriculum Connection / Connexion au programme-cadre

This article supports the teaching and learning of words with irregularities.

Is ORF Useful in Grades 3 R...

  • By Dr. Stephanie Stollar
Rating: 5 Out of 5

Learn More

Grades :

Thinking Reading: What Every S...

  • By James Murphy & Dianne Murphy
Rating: 3 Out of 5

Learn More

Grades :

Literacy Foundations for Engli...

  • By Dr. Elsa Cárdenas-Hagan
Rating: 0 Out of 5

Learn More

Grades :


  1. This resource demonstrates and explains how to integrate “flash” and “heart” words into phonics instruction. If students are demonstrating some difficulty with particular high frequency words, you can then provide intervention that aligns with the corresponding spelling patterns.

  2. Organizing the dolch words into phonics patterns is definitely the way to go. I also appreciated thinking about Kindergarten (Year 1 & 2) and teaching 10–15 pre‐reading high-frequency words ONLY AFTER students know all the letter names, but BEFORE they start phonics instruction.

Leave a Comment