The Reading Process

Expert reading researcher Dr. Reid Lyon highlights key components of reading development, including the role of phonics in this complex process.

Reading Road Trip: Literacy Myth Busting with Lyn Stone

In this podcast episode, Lyn Stone busts common reading myths and misconceptions, advocating for evidence-based structured literacy for all students. Lyn highlights the importance of targeting intervention to student needs, the myth of dyslexia as a gift, and the value of explicit writing instruction.

Put Reading First: The Research Building Blocks for Teaching Children to Read

Put Reading First is a comprehensive guide to evidence-based reading instruction. Intended for educators and administrators, this guide aims to improve reading outcomes for children in the early grades.Chapter 1 provides an overview of the essential components of effective reading instruction, such as phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension. Chapter 2 focuses on the critical early stages of reading development, emphasizing the importance of explicit instruction in phonological awareness and phonics.Chapter 3 highlights the significance of developing automaticity and prosody in reading to enhance comprehension.Chapter 4 delves into the importance of vocabulary, teaching word meanings and strategies to foster word learning.Chapter 5 explains techniques for enhancing understanding, including active engagement, monitoring, and metacognition.Practical strategies for classroom instruction include using explicit and systematic phonics lessons, providing ample opportunities for guided oral reading, incorporating vocabulary-building activities, and promoting meaningful discussions to enhance comprehension.

The Cognitive Science Behind How Students Learn to Read

Dr. Carolyn Strom delves into the cognitive science of how children learn to read. Drawing from brain research, she highlights the crucial role of neural connections in the reading process, emphasizing that during early childhood the brain’s plasticity allows for the formation of neural pathways, paving the way for language acquisition and reading skills. Strom’s insights provide valuable guidance for educators in supporting children’s reading journey.

English Decoded: Layers of the English Language

This quick, 2 minute video gives a brief overview of the 3 main layers of the English Language: Anglo-Saxon, Latin, and Greek.  A nice simple video to show students to help them understand that although English is complex, it makes sense, if you understand how they are put together (morphology). 

Why Children Should Be Taught to Read with More Challenging Texts

In this International Dyslexia Association Perspectives article, Timothy Shanahan discusses the importance of using challenging texts with students and outlines teacher supports that can be used to facilitate learning. Along with providing historical context for the use of leveled readers, Shanahan explores the role of instructional supports in aiding students while they persevere through challenging text noting that students with a “steady diet of relatively easy texts…would be provided fewer opportunities for dealing with sophisticated vocabulary, morphology, complex syntax, subtle
cohesive links, complicated structures, and richer and deeper
content.” 

Spelling in a Complex Orthography: Can knowing better really help do better?

In this video from PaTTAN Literacy, Lyn Stone shows, through practical demonstration, the benefits of systematically teaching the orthographic patterns of written English.  Drawing on principals of cognitive load theory, linguistic analysis and her vast experience in varied educational settings, Lyn offers suggestions for implementing high quality spelling lessons into everyday classroom instruction.